Indian History Timeline Chart with Important Events

Indian History Timeline – In today’s class we will discuss about the Indian History Timeline Chart in chronological order. Here we are going to discuss about all the three era(s) of history i.e. Ancient Indian History Timeline, Medieval Indian History Timeline and Modern Indian History Timeline, with all the important events.

Indian History Timeline Chart

Indian History Timeline Chart (Ancient+Medieval+Modern)

9000 BCEEarly Neolithic culture
9000 BCEBhimbetka Rock shelters found in Madhya Pradesh region; Stone Age rock paintings
7000 to 2500 BCEMehergarh Culture; Neolithic Age
3300 to 1700 BCEIndus Valley Civilization phase
1800 BCEIndo-Aryan migration
1500 to 1000 BCEEarly Vedic Period
1300 BCEEnd of Cemetery H culture
1200 BCERigveda Period
1000 to 500 BCELater Vedic period
1000 BCEIron Age of India
877 BCEBirth of Parsvanatha (23rd Jain Tirthankara)
700 BCEAge of Upanishads
600 BCEPeriod of Sixteen Maha Janapadas
599 BCEBirth of Mahavira (24th Tirthankar of Jainism)
563 BCEBirth of Siddhārtha (Gautama Buddha)
558–491 BCEBimbisara (also known as Srenika) founded Haryanka dynasty
527 BCENirvana of Mahavira
492–460 BCEPeriod of Ajatshatru (son of Bimbisara)
483 BCEMahaparinirvana of Gautama Buddha
350 BCEPanini wrote Ashtadhyayi (Sanskrit Grammar book)
326 BCEBattle of the Hydaspes River (between Porus and Alexander)
321 BCEChandragupta Maurya established Mauryan Empire in Magadha
305 BCEChandragupta Maurya defeated Seleucus Nicator
300 BCEChola dynasty (in south India)
297–273 BCEPeriod of Bindusara (son of Chandragupta Maurya)
268–232 BCEPeriod of the Great Ashoka (son of Bindusara)
265 BCEKalinga War (between Ashoka and the kingdom of Kalinga)
260 BCEAshoka inscribed the Edicts of Ashoka (written in Brahmi script)
251 BCEMahinda (son of Ashoka) introduced Buddhism to Ceylon (Sri Lanka)
250 BCEThe followers of Buddhists carved the first cave temples (namely Lomas Rishi)
232 BCEAshoka died (Kunala, his son, succeeded)
184 BCEMauryan empire collapsed after the assassination of Brihadrata by his general Pushyamitra Shunga
184 BCEEstablishement of the Shunga dynasty by Pushyamitra Shunga
78 BCEBeginning of Saka era
57 BCEBeginning of Vikram Era
Common Era (CE)
10 CEThe Indo-Parthian kingdom established
240 CESri-Gupta established the Gupta Empire in Magadha
275 CEPallava dynasty established
320 CEChandragupta I became the king of Gupta empire
335 CESamudragupta became the king of Gupta empire
380 CEChandragupta II (son of Samudragupta) became the Gupta Emperor
405 CEFahien, the Chinese traveler came India
450 CEHuna invasions
554 CEGupta empire collapsed after the death of Skandagupta
606 CEHarshavardhana became the king
629 CEChinese monk Huang Tsang (Xuanzang) came to India
753 CEDanti Durga established Rashtrakuta Kingdom after defeating Chalukyas of Badami
788 CEBirth of Adi Shankaracharya
1001 CEInvasion of Mahmud Ghazni
1025 CELast invasion of Mahmud Ghazni that lead to destruction of temple of Somnath in Gujarat
1030 CEDeath of Mahmud of Ghazni
1030 CEAlberuni came India
1191 CEFirst battle of Tarain between Mohammed Ghori and Prithviraj III (Ghauri was defeated)
1192 CESecond battle of Tarain between Mohammed Ghori and Prithviraj III (Prithviraj was defeated)
1154 CEBattle of Chandawar fought between Ghauri and Jaichand of Kannauj (Ghauri defeated Jayachandra)
1192 CEQutb-ud-din Aibak constructed the Qutub Minar in Delhi
1206 CEQutb-ud-din Aibak established ‘Slave Dynasty’ (which later came to known as Delhi Sultanate)
1210 CEWhile playing polo, Qutb-ud-din Aibak died
1221 CEInvasion of Changez Khan (Mongol invasion)
1240 CERazia Sultan was killed by Turkish nobles
1336 CEHarihara I (Hakka) and his brother Bukka Raya I founded the Vijayanagara Empire
1398 CETimur’s invasion
1483 CEBabur born
1498 CEThe first voyage of Vasco de Gama from Europe to India (arrived at Calicut, Kerala)
1526 CEFirst Battle of Panipat [Mughal ruler Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi]
1530 CEBabur died and his son Humayun became the emperor
1539 CEBattle of Chausa [Mughal emperor Humayun and Sher Shah Suri – Humayun defeated]
1540 CEBattle of Kannauj [Humayun and Sher Shah Suri – Humayun defeated]
1545 CESher Shah Suri died and his son Islam Shah Suri succeeded
1554 CEIslam Shah Suri died
1555 CEHumayun recuperated the throne of Delhi
1556 CEHumayun died and Akbar (his 12-year-old son) succeeded
1556 CESecond Battle of Panipat [Hemu and Akbar’s forces – Hemu was defeated and killed]
1576 CEBattle of Haldighati [Rana Pratap and Akbar – Akbar defeated Rana Pratap]
1600 CEEast India company is formed in England and received exclusive trading rights with India
1605 CEAkbar died and his son Jahangir succeeded
1628 CEJehangir died and his son Shah Jahan succeeded
1627 CEBirth of Chatrapati Shivaji
1658 CEAurangzeb became the Mughal emperor
1666 CEShah Jahan died
1674 CEShivaji defeated Mughal emperor’s troops and established Maratha empire
1680 CEDeath of Shivaji
1707 CEDeath of Aurangzeb
1739 CEInvasion of Nadir Shah
1756 CEBlack Hole of Calcutta incident
1760 CEBattle at Wandewash (British troops defeated French)
1761 CEThird Battle of Panipat between Maratha and Afghans (led by Ahmad Shah); Marathas were defeated
1767 CEFirst Anglo-Mysore War (Haidar Ali of Mysore defeated the combined armies of the East India Company)
1772 CEBirth of Ram Mohan Roy
1773 CEWarren Hastings appointed as first Governor-General of India
1799 CEFourth Anglo-Mysore War (Tipu Sultan died in the war)
1806 CEVellore Mutiny
1814Raja Ram Mohan Roy established “Atmiya Sabha”
1820 CEBirth of Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
1824 CEBirth of Dayananda Saraswati
1836 CEBirth of Sri Ramakrishna Paramhansa
1853 CEStarted Postal Service in India
1853 CEFirst Rail run between Bombay and Thane
1855 CESanthal rebellion
1856 CEHindu Widows’ Remarriage Act
1856 CEBirth of Bal Gangadhar Tilak
1857 CESepoy Mutiny
1861 CEBirth of Rabindranath Tagore
1863 CEBirth of Swami Vivekanand
1865 CEBirth of Lala Lajpat Rai
1869 CEBirth of Mahatma Gandhi
1873 CESatyashodhak Samaj was established by Jyotirao Phule
1875 CEArya Samaj was established
1877 CEFirst time Delhi Durbar organized
1885 CEIndian National Congress was founded
1899 CEV.D.Savarkar organized ‘Mithra Mela’
1902 CEAnushilan Samiti was organized
1905 CEPartition of Bengal
1906 CEMuslim League formed in Dacca
1907 CECongress Session at Surat (Congress divided as Moderate and Extremists)
1908 CEAlipore bomb case
1909 CEMorley-Minto Reforms
1911 CECancellation of Partition of Bengal
1911 CEBritish government moved capital city from Calcutta to Delhi
1912 CEDelhi conspiracy case
1913 CEFormation of Gadar Party
1914 CEHindu–German Conspiracy
1916 CELucknow Pact
1917 CEChamparan and Kheda Satyagraha
1919 CEJallianwala Bagh massacre
1919 CEMontagu–Chelmsford Reforms
1919 CERowlatt Act
1920 CENon-cooperation movement (Khilafat Movement)
1922 CEChauri Chaura incident
1924 CEFormation of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association
1925 CEKakori conspiracy
1927 CESimon Commission
1928 CEBardoli Satyagraha
1929 CEBhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt bombed on Central Assembly
1929 CEResolution of Purna Swaraj
1930 CESalt Satyagraha (Dandi March)
1930 CEFirst Round Table Conferences
1931 CEGandhi–Irwin Pact
1931 CEBhagat Singh, Rajguru, and Sukhdev martyred
1931 CESecond Round Table Conferences
1932 CEPoona Pact
1932 CECommunal Award
1932 CEThird Round Table Conferences
1935 CEGovernment of India Act 1935
1937 CEIndian provincial elections
1939 CESubhas Chandra Bose established ‘All India Forward Bloc’
1940 CELahore Resolution
1940 CEAugust offer (1940)
1942 CECripps’ Mission
1942 CEQuit India Movement
1942 CESubhas Chandra Bose established Indian National Army
1944 CESubhas Chandra Bose named Mahatma Gandhi as the ‘Father of the Nation’
1945 CEWavell Plan (Simla Conference)
1946 CERoyal Indian Navy Mutiny
1946 CECabinet Mission
1946 CEGreat Calcutta Killings
1947 CEIndian Independence Act 1947
1947 CEPartition of India and Pakistan (both became independent nations)
1948 CEMahatma Gandhi assassinated by Nathuram Godse
1948 CEIndia-Pakistan war
1950 CEIndian became Republic (of India)
1951 CECongress Party won first general election
1962 CEIndia won Diu, Daman, and Goa from Portuguese
1964 CEDeath of Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru
1965 CESecond Pakistan-India war
1966 CEIndira Gandhi (daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru) becomes prime minister
1971 CEThird Pakistan-India war
1974 CEIndia exploded first nuclear device (in underground test)
1975 CEIndira Gandhi declared state of emergency
1975 CEBirth control introduced
1977 CEJanata Party came into power (Congress party lost the election)
1979 CEJanta Party split
1980 CECongress again came into power
1984 CEOperation Blue Star (Anti-Sikh Riots 1984)
1984 CEIndira Gandhi was assassinated
1988 CESEBI (Security and Exchange Board of India) was established by The Government of India
1991 CERajiv Gandhi assassinated
1991 CEEconomic reform program (liberalization)
1992 CEBabri Mosque in Ayodhya is demolished
1992 CE1992 Odisha liquor deaths incident
1996 CEAmarnath Yatra tragedy
1998 CEBJP forms coalition government under Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee
2000 CEUS President Bill Clinton’s India visit
2001 CEMassive earthquakes in Gujarat
2001 CESuicide squad attacked parliament in New Delhi
2002 CEGodhra (Gujarat) incident
2003 CEBomb blasts in Mumbai
2004 CETsunami incident
2005 CEEarthquake in Kashmir
2007 CEIndia’s first commercial space rocket is launched (carried Italian satellite)
2008 CESeries of bomb explosions in Ahmedabad (Gujarat)
2008 CEAttack on two hotels namely the Taj Mahal Palace & Tower and the Oberoi Trident (Mumbai)
2009 CEIndia and Russia signed Uranium deal worth of $700 million
2012 CEAjmal Kasab the sole surviving gunman of 2008 Mumbai attacks was hanged
2013 CEMars Orbiter Mission, is successfully launched into the Orbit of Mars by ISRO
2014 CECongress was routed in the general elections and Narendra Modi (BJP) elected as the Prime Minister
2016 CETerror Attacks on Pathankot Air Base
2016 CEIndia becomes member of Missile Technology Control Regime


Folk Dances of India

Indian Polity GK Questions

One Liner GK